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Why is a scene shot with green screen for adding special effects?

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You might have seen in the behind the scenes pictures of numerous films and shows that the unrealistic scenes or dummy are shot with green coloured backgrounds. Have you ever wondered why the background is green and not any other colour such as red, pink, purple or white?

Green is the go-to colour because it is indifferent to nature. It doesn’t match any hair colour, natural skin colour or body part making it easier to edit. In this way, no part of the human body is edited out in the chroma key. However, if a green costume or prop is required the green screen is replaced with a blue screen.

The colour green is pretty odd and stands out. So if the actor is wearing a pink dress in front of a pink background then the chroma key while replacing the background with an image would pick the dress’ colour to replace as well. Green screens are also more commonly used because of the colour green being the highest luminance among all the colour channels (RGB).

Nowadays blue screen is used in place of green screens because blue is a much softer colour. They are easier for chroma-key too.

The shooting of blue screens and green screens differ on the basis of what is in front of the screen. You cannot shoot a green parrot in front of the green screen and similarly, you cannot shoot the blue avatar characters in front of blue screens. Like when they shot Green Lantern or Hulk they definitely used blue screens. It is always good to have options in handy. Use of chroma key is taught to you in visual effects courses.

In post-production studio, VFX artists use chroma-key to edit the screens and replace them with required background and images. The dragons on Game of Thrones are nothing but props with green coloured wraps. They later appear on the screen as dragons carrying the Queen of seven kingdoms.

Now that you know the real reason behind adding the green/blue screens for special effects it is no more confusing why other coloured backdrops are not added.



Black Mirror’s VFX is to break all records

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While the youth can’t stop binge watching TV shows, Netflix released the most anticipated show of all time. Black Mirror is the new hype in the town. It is basically a science fiction anthology television series created by Charlie Brooker, with Charlie and Annabel Jones serving as the program show runners. It examines modern society, particularly with regard to the unanticipated consequences of new technologies.

With the combination satire and anthology, Black Mirror is something that will boggle your mind for sure. A lot of episodes in this series showed some explicitly manipulated scenes. There was this one scene with a giant spider entering the room. That was all done with the CGI effects.

The special effects artists at the Painting Practice, an England-based VFX house, and the London branch of Framestore, this horrific creature makes its appearance halfway through the episode, which takes place in an immersive virtual world designed by a video game company. Not just this but the other scenes are equally mind boggling.

Black mirror has become an epitome in the visual effects industry. All the shackles associated with the visual effects in TV series got destroyed with this show. The trailer for this latest season showed all the important events of past years and its impact.

Critics also agreed that Black Mirror had some kickass work done in the episodes. The show began with a whole dimension on a different level. In addition to that, it needs to be understood that Black Mirror broke all the pre conceived notions that TV shows don’t work enough on visual effects.

A satire like this with production quality like this is sure to create buzz of this extent.

The legacy of Death Note and how it still lives

Death Note is a 37-episode anime series based on the manga series of the same name written by Tsugumi Ohba and illustrated by Takeshi Obata. Death Note is one of the most popular anime series. Anime and Manga lovers all over the globe fan boy over this series. Kira’s willpower and strategic mind in competence with mastermind “L” and his power gives the audience chills.

Anime series are known for stretching for seasons after seasons with hundreds of episodes but this one just had one season. The craziness and fandom didn’t stop there. Last year Netflix came up with a movie based on this series. Everyone was excited what visual effects amazement would we get to see for Ryuk’s character.

Death Note started with a general concept of Shinigamis. But this show had complicated relationships with Shinigamis and the lead roles. Ryuk’s love or as some fans called it lust towards apples made for an interesting storyline. The animation techniques used in this series is not very different from that of what we see in other anime/ manga series.

Ohba’s vision started with creating L’s character anonymous who only contacted the world through his assistant Watari. He didn’t have to recreate the Shinigamis’ appearance but hours were tediously dedicated to form small and peculiar character symphonies.

The legacy of Death Note has been continued in merch, video games and obviously the movie. The film wasn’t released in theatres. Netflix bought the rights of this film and making it exclusively available there. William Dafoe got pretty upset when he heard that the film won’t be released on theatres. According to him, not everyone has a Netflix subscription and they might want to watch the film as well.

The visual effects used in this film were definitely worth the Netflix subscription. Death Note was one of a kind film. A world where the chaser becomes the chase or vice versa, director Ohba said that the film wouldn’t have been possible without visual effects and animation efforts of the post production team.

Death Note is a living example how going for a visual effects course allows you to explore your talents and create content as per your choice.

Top 3 VFX moments of Blade Runner 2049 that will blow your mind

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VFX is nothing new but the stir Blade Runner 2049 created in 2017 is on a whole new level. From recreating an alive person to Ryan Gosling and Harrison Ford’s action scenes; visual effects and CGI went on a whole new level. Straight from portraying hardcore thriller set designs and bringing Rachel back from 1982; we surely need to read further and move ahead.

These are top 3 exclusively eye-widening moments from the film Blade Runner 2049.

  1. Detailing

The memorable opening of Blade Runner 2049 includes a gigantic Tyrell Pyramid. As the camera approaches you see Holden’s office. The minute detailing of the interiors is remarkable in this film.  With visual effects, the supervising team was able to make a very impacting scenario for the film.


  1. Use of miniatures

The first time miniature theory was used to shoot unrealistic scenes we saw Godzilla destroying cities. A man wearing the Godzilla costume ran and stomped over miniatures of cardboard towns.

Similarly, miniature spinners were used in this film. A lot of people might not know this but initially, the miniatures were recorded and then the VFX team used their skills to fit it in the scene accordingly.


  1. Return of Rachel

The Moving Pictures recreated Sean Young’s replica Rachel. In order to do that miracle year of labor and hard work was inculcated. We see Rachel the same way as she was in 1982. She didn’t age a day from what we have seen her in 1982.

In the history of cinema never have we seen anything as gigantic and magical like this. Recreating a person altogether is something else.


Blade Runner 2049 is what it is because of the immense dedication of VFX. There is absolutely no reason why you cannot do all this. There are a huge demand and scope for VFX courses in India. Hurry to find the best VFX institute in India for learning VFX professionally and making a career that you will be proud of.

Top 3 Things To Remember While Taking Up Your VFX Course

Check For Specialization

Many VFX and animation courses offer short term animation courses related to particular multimedia industry such as Editing, Post Production, and Rotomation etc. Discuss in detail the course curriculum with the course advisor and check whether your specialization is available in the course as well.


It’s always good to check the kind of placements a VFX course can offer you even if you don’t actually need it. Placement assistance is a complementary feature along with the animation course you choose by many animation institutes. Make sure to look at the institute’s testimonials and do some dig well research about the companies that you will be getting recruited into.

Be Patient

A lot of animation and VFX artists make seven figure salaries and this draws a large number of aspirants to the industry each year. But it is important to remember that this only happens over time, after a certain reputation has been built. So, don’t give up. Keep practising and stay focused on your course. You must know that talent alone will lead you to success and nothing else.

Goal Of A VFX Artist

Visual-effects artists and supervisors create special effects, animation and do visual clean-up for feature films and commercials. One day, you may be supervising a shot of film extras so they can be digitally duplicated into a scene. Other days are spent in front of a computer, creating an entire alternate universe—like that used in “Avatar.” Workdays are usually at least 10 hours long. Deadlines are high-pressure and rarely flexible. Many artists say they work through the night to deliver a project on time. Visual-effects artists bemoan that there is no union representation to regulate hours and working conditions.

Artists and supervisors employed by post-production companies are usually on the payroll and receive health care and retirement benefits. Free-lancers can receive insurance via the Visual Effects Society, an industry association. Because of the late-night work required, meals are often billed to clients. Travel is also a regular part of the job. And in some cases, artists can see movies before they are released to the public.

Animation and visual-effects programs are offered at a number of universities, but a degree or certificate isn’t required. More important is an eye for artistic detail, such as light, shadow and texture, says Mark Tobin, managing director of The Moving Picture Co.’s Los Angeles office. “You can teach the technical knowledge, but you can’t teach a great eye,” Mr. Tobin says. “The key is getting your foot in the door.”

Newcomers usually enter the industry through internships and apprenticeships—sometimes unpaid. Expertise in software such as Autodesk Maya and Adobe Photoshop helps. A strong reel (a short video showing clips) is critical. Since it’s a tight-knit industry, networking is also key. Employment in the industry is cyclical and tied to film studio budgets and appetites for films with extensive special effects. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment for artists and related workers is expected to increase 12% through 2018—on pace with other occupations. However you do need to complete a VFX course.

Visual effects artists create imagery that is either impractical or impossible to film. The majority of this work is currently done via computer; other kinds of effects are now largely relegated to niche and specialty situations. According to The Wall Street Journal, visual effects artists are responsible for creating special effects using computerized technology. This work can include creating animations or fixing up details for television shows, commercials, feature films, and other film media.

VFX artists often work on tight deadlines due to theatrical release dates and other constraints related to working in the film industry. The job usually involves following instructions from a client or supervisor and may not allow for the possibility of much personalized input. However, some professionals in this field may gain satisfaction in knowing that their work contributed to the completion of a major media project.

Students need to have a firm understanding of standard software tools of the industry, such as Houdini, Nuke, RenderMan, Adobe CS5, mental ray, and Autodesk Maya. Although a degree is not necessarily required for jobs in this field, a bachelor’s degree is standard, and completing a certificate or degree program can help signify qualification to work as a visual effects artist. Associate’s, bachelor’s, and graduate degree programs are available in relevant fields of study, including computer animation and visual effects.

Visual effects artists produce computer-generated animation and effects for films, television shows, and other media. Degrees range from certificate programs to master’s degrees, and knowledge of industry software and the ability to work on a deadline are advantageous in this field.