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5 Basic Principles of Staging in Animation

Squash and stretch

This action gives the illusion of weight and volume to a character as it moves. Also squash and stretch is useful in animating dialogue and doing facial expressions. How extreme the use of squash and stretch is, depends on what is required in animating the scene. Usually it’s broader in a short style of picture and subtler in a feature. It is used in all forms of character animation from a bouncing ball to the body weight of a person walking. This is the most important element you will be required to master and will be used often.

Timing and Spacing

Timing and spacing in animation is what gives objects and characters the illusion of moving within the laws of physics. Timing refers to the number of frames between two poses. For example, if a ball travels from screen left to screen right in 24 frames that would be the timing. It takes 24 frames or one second (if you’re working within the film rate of 24 frames per second) for the ball to reach the other side of the screen. The spacing refers to how those individual frames are placed.


Anticipation is used in animation to set the audience up for an action that is about to happen. An easy way to think about this is that if a person needs to move forward, they first must move back. For example, if a character is about to walk forward, they might move back slightly, this not only gets their momentum up, but it also lets the audience know this person is about to move. Or if a character is reaching for a glass on a table, they might move their hand back, before moving it forward. Not only is anticipation needed to prepare the audience, but it’s also required to sell believable movements.


A pose or action should clearly communicate to the audience the attitude, mood, reaction or idea of the character as it relates to the story and continuity of the story line. The effective use of long, medium, or close up shots, as well as camera angles also helps in telling the story. There is a limited amount of time in a film, so each sequence, scene and frame of film must relate to the overall story.


This principle can really come down to adding more appeal in many different areas of your animation, such as appeal in posing. However, the most obvious example is appeal in the character design, you want to have a character that the audience can connect to or relate to. A complicated or confusing character design can lack appeal. You can find areas on the character to push and exaggerate to create a more unique character design that will stick out in the audience’s memory. For example, simply exaggerating the jaw of the character or pushing the youthfulness in the eyes.

The above mentioned five characteristics are the solid foundation for one’s animation career. You can learn them at from any 3d animation course in an animation academy.


Zootopia- Oscar Winner For Best Animated Film

zootopia animation

Zootopia is a 2016 American 3D computer-animated buddy comedy-adventure film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. No doubt that this film won hearts all across the globe and got a huge fan base just by its animation and storyline.

Disney’s most recent work on animating fur was for the titular character of the 2008 film Bolt, but the software they had used at the time was not ready for creating the realistic fur of the animals of Zootopia. Therefore, the studio’s IT engineers developed the fur-controlling software iGroom, which gave character designers precise control over the brushing, shaping and shading of fur and made it possible to create a variety of eccentric character styles for each animal.

The software was also able to control an unseen “imaginary” under layer that gave fur a degree of plushness not seen before. This feature was used to create characters like Officer Clawhauser, who has a big head that is entirely made of spotted fur. Characters with noteworthy numbers of strands of hair or fur included both of the two lead characters, Judy Hopps and Nick Wilde, who each had around 2.5 million hairs; a giraffe with nine million strands of fur; a gerbil with 480,000 strands; and a rodent with more strands of hair than the 400,000 that were on Elsa’s head in Frozen.

The animators of this film made it a point to make the characters with diversity and include versatile characteristics to them. In addition to that, the improvisation in animation and an extraordinary storyline got the film an academy award. The film has been translated into many regional languages leading to an overall appreciation of the entire film.

In a city of anthropomorphic animals, a rookie bunny cop and a cynical con artist fox must work together to uncover a conspiracy. Computer animation evolves at an alarming rate. One year, a movie like Frozen or Big Hero 6 looks like the peak of what’s possible. Then, only a year later, the next thing goes way beyond that. In this case, the next thing is Zootopia, and in this movie a single giraffe has more individual hairs on it—nine million—than every single character in either Frozen, Big Hero 6, or Wreck-It Ralph.

Zootopia has 64 different species of animals, which break down into about 800,000 different character models. Again, we need to understand that it took immense amount of tedious and serious effort to create these characters in the first place and then came the workout of shot sequences that made this film such a huge hit to the extent that it won an academy award.

Disney’s Funniest Hero- Poo


Disney is one of the oldest and best animation companies in the field of animation. It has given us numbers of animated characters, which are unique. In fact, our childhood memory is filled up with cute, funny and some unique cartoon characters, which are still close to our hearts. Most of the characters are the creation of Disney. They cannot be replaced with others till now. Though, they have become old, but we still do enjoy those movies and series by watching them again and again.


Among the main protagonists of those movies and series, Poo is considered to be one of the famous characters and is also known as Pooh bear. It is an anthropomorphic character. It was first created by a British author, A. A. Milne in his book titled with, Winnie the Pooh in 1926. The second part was published with the name, The House at Pooh Corner in the year of 1928. He also added a poem on Pooh Bear in his book, “When we were very Young” (1924) and many other poems in his book, “Now We Are Six” (1927). All these collections were engraved by E. H. Shepard.

The character Pooh is one of the funniest characters to ever appear in any of the Disney’s animation. Though, he was shown comical, but at the same time he was quite sensible, with a nice sense of humour. He was a poet and was seen singing some nice creations throughout the series and the movie. Pooh was also shown helping his friends in need and providing some wise decision to his pals. He was very fond of foods, especially honey. He loves helping out the needy ones. He motivates the people who need them.


He is a very friendly bear who has many friends in the jungle. His closest friend is the piglet with whom he spends the maximum time. He is also not afraid of facing any difficulties or dangers. All the movies or series of Pooh has a very good moral message in it. It teaches or educates the young viewers of being helpful and down to earth. The 3d animation techniques have really evolved over the past few years, enabling the viewers to enjoy some fantastic animation works. The charm of Pooh is still there and will remain so.

The rise of these amazing animation works has been possible mainly due to the development of the technologies. Many institutes have come up, which offers 3D animation courses in Kolkata. One thing is for sure that the level of animation will only improve.

What Is The Best Animation Film Of 2016?


2016 was the year for animation films; this year many successful blockbuster animation films released which took the film industry globally by storm. Among hundreds of these the best animation film remains “Ice Age: Collision Course”. Manny the mammoth starts to worry when his daughter Peaches announces her engagement. Still unlucky in love, Sid the sloth volunteers to plan the couple’s wedding. To Manny’s dismay, nothing can stop the upcoming nuptials, except maybe the end of the world. When Scrat accidentally launches himself into outer space, he sets off a chain reaction that sends an asteroid hurtling toward Earth. Now, the entire herd must leave home to explore new lands and save itself from Scrat’s cosmic blunder.


Apart from the fact that it is a humorous film with a funny story-line and lots of puns to add to the humour. We can’t ignore the fact that Ice Age was the biggest blockbuster of it’s time. The animation that was fed in the film was classic and breathtaking. It was highly appreciated by the critics and the animator received acclaim across the nation as well. It takes a lot of effort for an animation project to come to life and become this huge, Ice Age did that with immense grace. This film was the fifth edition of The Ice Age series and reflected some variation of skills throughout it’s duration. The VFX and animation portrayed in the film is unquestionable. Another factor that we all shouldn’t miss is the concept of character designing that is done in this film. There are some new characters that were introduced in the film, even if it was for a short period of time. There were new characters such as the pair of unicorns voiced by Lilly Singh aka IISuperwomanII. Also we need to keep in mind the other factors which make this the best animated film of 2016, primary of which is the extravagant use of animation techniques and extraordinary display of illusion craft.


The film was loved by the audience belonging to all age groups, not just the children, this is a quality not all the animation films can possess. Having said all that we need to keep in mind that above all the factors that make this film loved by the audience, it’s amazing animation remains the foremost point.

If you loved the movie and have thought of creating an animation series of your own then all you need to do is take up an animation course from a good institute to master the craft and design characters of your choice. It’s no toughie to design characters of your own and create an animation movie for that matter. In today’s day and age where animation upholds such demand and importance you surely can learn it and design characters of your own choice and will.

Top 5 animated TV Series in India

In the past few years India has shown an outstanding growth in the creation of animated series. Animation has a very strong stir in the nation at present. Out of all the animated series created both in 3D and 2D , these are the top 5 shortlisted ones.

Roll no. 21


This cartoon series is one of the top series viewed by the Indian audience. The cartoon series is previewed both in English and Hindi. We need to acknowledge the fact that this series would be nothing without the animation efforts put in the series. The show is viewed in terms of episode after episode and each episode has a new villain prepared which shows the creativity of the animator and the diverse skills possessed by the animation team. Indian animation industry has always produced extraordinary results, this show just stands the perfect example.

Vikram aur Betaal


Vikram Aur Betaal was a television programme that aired on DD National. The series contained stories from Indian mythology that aim at teaching kids life lessons while entertaining them. The concept of the program was based on Baital Pachisi, a collection of tales about the legendary King Vikra and the Vaitaala, a ghost analogous to a vampire in Western literature. Betaal was the ghost who was designed in such a manner that it stayed on the back of king Vikram all the time. The cartoon has been made in both 2D and 3D. The amazing visualization of these fictional characters in 3D form has created a vast fan base for all the people.

Chota Bheem


Chota Bheem is a cartoon series presented on Cartoon Network channel and is currently the most viewed show in the country. This show shows various characters and due to the designing of a wide range of characters by the animators it is loved by the audience. People often tend to get bored by seeing the same over and over but it doesn’t happen in this show. In this show we see a range of many characters which are no doubt designed in a very skilled manner.

Pakdam Pakdai


Pakdam Pakdai is another animated series created for the entertainment of the children. An interesting point about this cartoon is that it’s characters are well loved by the people and before appreciating the show people are often seen appreciating the animated characters of the show. It has all been possible because of the animation efforts inculcated in the making of the characters.

Mighty Raju


Mighty Raju is another beloved series that falls under this category. This show is well loved as it opens a world of adventure and enthusiasm to it’s audience. The people are amused by the audio and visual effects portrayed in the film. The manner in which the character and all it’s actions are planned by the animation team, it has left all of us spellbound. Adding to that this show has some excellent animation touches making it one of the best in the list.

The rise of these amazing animation works has been possible mainly due to the development of the technologies. Many institutes have come up, which offers 3D animation courses in Kolkata. One thing is for sure that the level of animation will only improve.

Behind The Screen Story Of The Movie WALL-E


WALL-E was released on 27th June, 2008. This American animated sci-fi movie was directed by Andrew Stanton. This Pixar’s production is one of the most popular films in the animation genre, which received appreciation both critically and commercially and grossed 533.3 million dollars. This movie has also won the 2008 Golden Globe Award for the Best Animated Feature Film, the Saturn Award for the Best Animated Film and Academy Award for the Best Animated Feature.


The story is set in the year 2805. The humans have left the earth because of waste materials and garbage produced by the products of multinational company Buy-N-Large Corporation. WALL-E is the only robot, who has been left behind to clean up the waste and mountains of garbage. He with his friend Hal (a cockroach) starts the mission and meet another beautiful robot sent from the space named, EVE.  WALL-E fall in love with EVE and protects her from sandstorms and other dangerous situations. Meanwhile, WALL-E finds a living plant on earth and their journey continues with the aim of bringing back the humans on earth.


WALL-E is the ninth movie by the Pixar Animation Studios. The animators wanted to create a robot in a more mechanical way in order to give it a human touch. At the same time, the experts had decided to create a robot in which the audiences can feel for it as if it was a human. For that, they visited many places of recycling machinery station and even NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory to study robots. WALL-E eyes were inspired by the binocular. The animators didn’t create a mouth, elbows, nose and other body parts to the robots to make them look more machine like.The animators and the makers of this 3D animation movie watched a Keaton and Charlie Chaplin film everyday for a year, to analyze how to create emotions in robots with expressions. The director, Stanton wanted to make the lighting look real, because he had watched Pixar’s last movie, Finding Nemo, where all the underwater scenes and lighting parts looked perfect and real on the screen. For WALL-E, Stanton wanted the perfect lighting for the air and Pixar did it the way he wanted to.

From the sound, story to animation techniques, this movie had all the ingredients of a classic. It topped the list of Time’s Best Movies of the Decade. 3D animation has become one of the most important parts of the entertainment industry. You can also be the part of this current hot career. Come and start your journey as a 3D animator by choosing a 3D animation course in Kolkata.

The Future Of Animated Series In India- Growth And Prospects

The Indian animation industry has come a long way from the day when the first animation movie, The Banyan Deer was released in 1957. People don’t look down upon us as mediocre animators anymore. Many famous movie`s animation or special effects are done here in India. Life of Pi is one such example. Animation is a huge untapped market, which is in developing stage. It needs to be carefully guided or else it will fail in spite of having brilliant technicians, as it did happen in the Philippines. Animation is an art which requires hard work and discipline

Earlier the quality of the animation in India was not up to the mark. The number of releases was also very less. The animation level has gone up and is now at par with the world. We are now witnessing an increase in the number of animated movies and Tv series. The market for it is quite huge. Children are not their main audience anymore. The masses love animated series. Chota Bheem, Little Krishna, Motu Patlu are some of the recent successful animated TV series. One can clearly say that gone are the days when only foreign animated series would run in India.

all cartoons

In the late 90`s, the children had few options when it came to animated series. But, now the time has changed. They have many channels to choose from for watching animated series. They are the king of the market as they are spoilt for choices. There is an intense competition in the market for TRP`s. Every now and then, a new animated series comes up. So, the people concerned have to innovate and come up with suitable changes in their series.

There are few concerns for the Indian animation industry. It takes a while for an animated series to get a following. The production company should give it some time. The animation sectors require tax exemptions which will help them financially. With ever improving animation quality, people are slowly but steadily getting attracted towards the Indian animated series. The rise in the number of satellite channels has certainly helped the cause. India has a very rich culture which is full of stories. This can be the untapped source from which many new series can be created. All it requires is a bit more organized efforts.

One can definitely say that the future of animation in India is bright and secure. There are huge growth prospects which should be milked properly. With many big corporate powerhouses investing in this sector, work opportunities with a good budget (which was a constraint) are coming up. It won’t be long when India will be a powerhouse in the animated series genre.