Animation didn’t become what it is and didn’t reach this position by itself. It has today become the part and parcel of every single element of media and entertainment. Animation is the most progressive and innovating field. All we know about the beginning of animation is from Walt Disney and Mickey. But there were a lot many pioneers who took the initiative and brought animation to where it is today. Continue reading to discover some of the great pioneers in the history of animation. Before you start to learn animation; take a look at these name holders in history of animation.
Eadweard J. Muybridge
Eadweard J. Muybridge laid the foundation for videographers by creating the very first phenakistoscope. It was a device where images in different motion were placed which when spun around created illusion of motion. It was the first hitchhike people had other than kaleidoscope in order to see motion graphics. He was an English photographer who earned his name by developing significant level of work in motion photography.
The father of animated cartoon, Cohl was a French cartoonist who devoted his life for the development of animation. In 1908, Cohl created Fantasmagorie which was the first completely animated character to be produced on film. His work appeared to be walking on a blackboard and he used over 700 still drawings to get the movement appropriate.
Cohl’s contribution is an inspiration to anyone who wants to learn animation.
Quirino Cristiani made the 1917 film El Apóstol (The Apostle); a political satire made with cutout animation. The 70 minute long film was a roadmap for modern animation in 20th century. This is where people started creating more of animated dramas with the situations that occurred in their daily lives. A sense of relatability began with animation.
Relatability is something an animation course teaches you to master in appropriate proportion.
We have got yet another French filmmaker on this list. Georges Melies was the first to utilize special effects in his cinema. The father of magic in cinema did some groundbreaking work in animation whilst making films. He was popularly known as world’s first cinemagician. Making over 530 films in his entire career his contribution to animated history is well included in almost every animation course.
The next time you are making a silhouette in animation; know who to pay tribute to. Reiniger had a keen interest in drawing silhouettes since a very young age. Reiniger and her co-animator and husband Carl Roch stayed in asylum for over three years and distributed their work. Something which is a celebrated form of art today came at a cost none of us could have thought of.